Friday, October 16

U.S. Fire Administration Training, Resources and Data Exchange Network (TRADENET) Update

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Welcome to TRADENET, TRADE's Training Network, a National Fire Academy sponsored activity.  The objective of TRADENET is to provide a forum for members of Fire Service organizations to maximize performance through quick and easy information sharing.

The information provided here must be non-commercial and non-copyrighted.  None of the material shared should be incorporated into any copyrighted programs.

The TRADENET newsletter is distributed through the USFA/FEMA server.  This allows you to control your subscription easier by allowing you to add new email addresses or delete old ones. There are over 32,294 subscribers worldwide to the weekly newsletter. This is an increase of 52 subscriptions since last week. If you know of someone who wishes to subscribe, all they need to do is go to the following site, and enter your email address.  They will then be taken to a page which will allow them to select their choices of newsletters.

If you have a question or comment for inclusion in the weekly TRADENET newsletter, please send it and your contact information to  Please be sure and include your Department or Organization name, your email address and any other method you wish to receive feedback.  USFA reserves the right to edit content submitted or reject any material submitted.

Are you familiar with the training program called “Coffee Break Training?”  It is on the USFA website and can be found at  Please access this training and provide any feedback to the Deputy Superintendent Robert Neale at  He will be happy to receive any feedback regarding this program.

Remember the Website for the National Fallen Firefighters program is  Also, please visit their Resources page at  This page contains many PowerPoint presentations and downloadable video clips available for your use.

Fire and Emergency Services Higher Education Program

Be sure to check out the new look for the model curriculum in its print-/handout-ready format. While there, view the new FESHE bachelor’s courses outlines that reflect the new Web-based formats delivered by the Degrees at a Distance Program schools. You can also download under the “Tools and Resources” section the new FESHE brochure in its DHS/FEMA configuration or take the same marketing piece without our logo and customize it with your own logo and content. You can also download the artwork for a FESHE tabletop display for conferences and classroom buildings which, again, is in both formats.


Visit the new page at


The link to the USFA/NFA TRADE Site is:


To enroll in NFAOnline, visit and browse the course catalog through the ‘New Students’ option.

Go to NFAOnline to see the complete COURSE CATALOG


Additional courses are now available on NFA Online:



My name is David Seliger and I'm a sophomore at Dartmouth College. This term I'm taking Introduction to Engineering, which is a group design project. My group has identified the firefighter mask-helmet system as something that could be improved upon. We are hoping to design and build a prototype of a faster combination


However, in order to establish benchmark specifications, we need to test current products. Captain Rick Tustin, whom I used to work for, of the Winchester, MA Fire Department, suggested I post a wanted ad in TRADENET.


We would like to procure (ideally by donation, but we do have limited funds for

payment) one or two Scott AV2000/AV30000 masks. We are also looking for a current American-style helmet and a European-style (MSA) one as well, but understand that these are much harder to acquire.


I can provide more information (contact info, etc.) as needed.


Let me know if this would be possible to include in the next TRADENET newsletter and thank you very much for your time.




David Seliger

Dartmouth College 2012

Hanover, NH




When the weather is cold outside and the schools in your town have a fire alarm do the children take their coats with them? The question is should children in schools with cold climates take the time to grab their coats when a fire alarm is sounded whether it is a drill or a real alarm assuming that the coats are in the room at the time of the alarm?


Rich Rozema

Deputy Chief

Midlothian Fire Department

Midlothian, IL




This survey is part of my second year executive fire officer paper and deals specifically with community risk reduction. My paper will address some concerns with the elderly that have dementia, alzheimers or any other related illness.  Hopefully this paper will provide some insight into minimizing the amount of accidental fires that can be caused by this group of folks!  Thanks!


Dennis W. Brothers


Fire Rescue Academy

Baltimore County Fire Department

Sparrows Point, MD

(410) 887-7523





I am requesting some information for an in-service class I am doing in November. I am giving a 1 hour safety overview for “Off runway aircraft crash procedures.” I am looking for awareness level information for Paramedics and Structural fire fighters. We are also Haz-Mat Ops level.  We have a heliport in the district and I would like some basic information with basic safety and initial tactics for anything from a hard landing to a full speed impact. Again this is just for a basic “filler” lecture to take up about 1 hour. Any information and or pictures or diagrams would be appreciated.


David A. Hawkins


Allen Township FD

Marysville, OH

(937) 642-5536




Hello All,
I'm looking for info on non-industrial employee safety training. We are currently putting a program together to offer the nursing homes, hospital, daycare, etc. within our boro. Does anyone else offer this type of program? How is it working in your area? Any handouts, SOG's/SOP's or any type of program would be greatly appreciated.
Thank You in advance for your help.
Bill Hartman Jr.

Bellevue Fire Department

Pittsburgh, PA




I have been tasked with overhauling our fire equipment operator (FEO) driver training program. I am looking for information regarding any SOGs, manuals, & competency based programs that specifically address initial training for both full time and back-up drivers. Lastly, training expectations to include any specific requirements that your department requires of your apparatus drivers would be of added benefit.




Captain Robert Duke

Training Officer

Sterling Heights Fire Department

Sterling Heights, MI

Office: (586) 446-2982

Cell: (810) 499-1118

Fax: (586) 726-7007


----------------------------INFORMATIONAL ITEMS---------------

2009 U.S. Line of Duty Deaths                        74 LODD’s

2008 U.S. Line of Duty Deaths                         114 LODD’s

Visit FIREFIGHTERNEARMISS.COM and check out the Report of the Week (ROTW) for an incident description followed by review questions designed to spark discussion.  We can all learn from these.




If you find the Virtual TRADEing Post useful, please send an email to Nashid Hasan mhasan1@lsu.eduNash is the mastermind behind the structure of the Virtual TRADEing Post.  So, please let Nash know how much you appreciate the availability of this material and how useful you find it.

The VIRTUAL TRADING POST SYSTEM now allows you to search for material by key word(s).  Check it out!  Go to Louisiana State University Fire and Emergency Training Institute's NFA TRADE page:  and access it there.


This is a new web address for the Virtual Trading Post.  If you had it bookmarked, delete your old bookmark, go to this new page and bookmark the new page.





As part of its continual effort to improve information sharing across the emergency response and homeland security communities, launched a new partnership with the US Fire Administration (USFA). The USFA strives to provide national leadership to local fire and emergency services departments. To highlight the new partnership, has created a new USFA Resource Page where members can access USFA technical and special reports, related original content, featured documents, and valuable links. To access the resource page, log onto and click on US Fire Administration under


The Team continues to post new Lessons Learned, Best Practices, Practice Notes, and Good Stories to the system on a regular basis. Weekly updates about new original content can be found in the NEW LLIS.GOV CONTENT box on the homepage of recently posted the following original content documents drawn from USFA Technical Reports:

Lessons Learned

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- has partnered with the Emergency Management and Response – Information Sharing and Analysis Center (EMR-ISAC) to provide members access to the EMR-ISAC’s free, critical infrastructure protection (CIP) information. Located at the National Emergency Training Center in Emmitsburg, MD, the EMR-ISAC was developed to collect, analyze, and disseminate timely, consequential information to assist in the practice of critical infrastructure protection by the leaders, owners, and operators of the nation’s Emergency Services Sector.

The EMR-ISAC, a no-cost information sharing program within the Department of Homeland Security, specifically provides information necessary to protect local internal critical infrastructures (i.e., personnel, physical assets, and communication/cyber systems that must be intact and operational 24 x 7) against all hazards, from natural disasters to terrorist activities. The program’s main focus is ensuring that emergency response leadership, their organizations, and local policy leaders have both the internal and external support and resources to aid in disaster protection, prevention, and response to enhance survivability, continuity of operations, and mission success.

The EMR-ISAC can be contacted at or 301-447-1325. To view the EMR-ISAC page on, please click here or login to and click on the EMR-ISAC link on the homepage. To subscribe for the free critical infrastructure protection (CIP) information disseminated by the Emergency Management and Response—Information Sharing and Analysis Center (EMR-ISAC), please click on the following link:


Study: U.S. Behind World in Fire Prevention




·  Best Practices Report Part 1 (PDF)

·  Best Practices Report Part 2 (PDF)

·  Best Practices Report Part 3 (PDF)

Fire officials in the State of Guanajuato in Mexico have a belief that the best fire department isn't the one that responds to the most calls. Rather, it's the one that prevents the most fire.

A new "best practices" report shows virtually the entire world does a far better job at reducing fire causalities than the United States by as much as 50 percent in some cases.

The final installment of a three-year study examining how 10 nations handle fire prevention in their countries was recently released. The report, commissioned by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), was researched and written by System Planning Corporation's TriData Division in Arlington, Va. The principal researcher was TriData's president Philip Schaenman.

"It's not that other nations are doing anything that we haven't tried, it's just that the scale in which they do it is just spectacular compared to what we do here in the United States," said Schaenman, who in the late 1970s and early 1980s, served as the U.S. Fire Administrator in charge of the National Fire Data Center.

"Unfortunately, our fire service has not been excited about prevention."

But that, Schaenman says, has to change if the U.S. is serious about its commitment to reduce fire fatalities. Other developed nations have figured it out and devote extraordinary resources to home inspections, fire prevention instructions to all populations, and requiring line firefighters to take on the role of fire prevention as part of their daily duties.

The report, totaling more than 300 pages, was rolled out in three parts since 2007. Part I looks at best practices in Europe (England, Scotland, Sweden and Norway). Part II examines innovations in the Asia/Pacific region (Australia, New Zealand and Japan). And the third and final part studied North America (Canada, Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico). The complete study is available for download at System Planning Corporation's Web site.

Since the report has been available, it's been downloaded 12,000 times, according to James M. Kudla, System Planning Corporation vice president of communications.

One of the most exciting things about the report, according to Schaenman, is that the best practices identified could help reduce fire deaths and injuries in the U.S. at little or no additional cost. Education and one-on-one instruction by firefighters is a top factor in reducing fire deaths, he said.

By way of example in England, British firefighters went on strike in 2003 demanding a 40 percent pay increase, Schaenman said. During the strike, ironically, the number of fires and fire deaths dramatically reduced, he said, because people were extremely careful.

"It proved that fire education worked," Schaenman said. "It proved the wrong thing for them, but it was very interesting."

For the British negotiating with the firefighters, it gave them the opportunity to push the rank and file into fire prevention. Schaenman said the firefighters were offered a 17 percent raise with the understanding the rank and file were going to have to do more "white collar" fire prevention work.

"Fire prevention became part of their job," he said.

Schaenman said firefighters in the U.S. should start embracing fire prevention as a key part of their jobs and not try to shift the responsibilities or, worse avoid them. He recalls the fire service's resistance to providing emergency medical services 20 to 30 years ago and the number of firefighter jobs that were lost as a result.

"We're going to have to reduce some of the work load we expect of firefighters and increase other duties," he said. "There are a lot of best practices that are doable here and doable without any increase in cost."

Some firefighters in Canada are required to do fire prevention field work two hours of every day, doing home inspections with the goal of visiting every home in their district every five years. Initially, those firefighters balked at the requirement, but soon realized the importance of the work and began to enjoy it, he said.

Another big trend Schaenman discovered was developed nations partnering with social service agencies, such as Meals on Wheels and similar organizations that have people in homes of high risk populations, like the elderly.

"They're in touch with the real shut-ins, the high risk populations," he said. Those agencies report to the fire departments hazards and unsafe conditions for fire department intervention before fatal fires occur.

The report reveals that kids in Mexico learn about fire prevention with the help of music, and "The Rapping Firefighter" helps teach students.

"It turns out students in Mexico learn their lessons better with a dose of Salsa," Schaenman said.

There are some technological best practices out there too that help prevent fire deaths, he said.

In Scandinavia, the wicks in candles don't go all the way to the bottom, which essentially makes for self-extinguishing candles that burn out before they completely liquefy and cause fires, he said.

Unattended food burning on a stove is another leading cause of fatal fires and, Schaenman said there are devices in Europe that require the user to set a timer for 10 to 15 minutes before using the stove. The electric cooking appliance automatically turns off when the timer runs out, requiring it to be rest for additional cooking.

For the very high risk elderly and shut-ins who may have physical disabilities that make it difficult to evacuate in the event of fires, Europeans have portable temporary sprinkler systems that can be installed in the person's home for $2,000 to $3,000. When the person dies of natural causes, or moves, the system can be installed in another person's home for protection, he said.

In Vancouver, British Columbia, there are laws that all new residences must have sprinklers and any building that's 50 percent or more remodeled must also be fitted with sprinklers. The result is that more than half of the homes in the district now have sprinklers in the 19 years since the law was adopted.

"That is just spectacular," Schaenman said, noting that it took 10 years to pass the legislation.

Other highlights from the report include information about mobile home safety fire vans used in Australia and New Zealand that have compartments simulating rooms in a home to show fire safety issues in each area.

Ontario, Canada has a Zero Tolerance philosophy toward property owners and tenants who do not install and maintain smoke alarms on each story. Non-compliance can result in citations, like traffic tickets, with fines up to $235.

In Mexico, fire and life safety messages with bright colors and pictures are printed on milk cartons for kids to easily receive the attractive message. And candles, which are widely used on home altars and left burning for long periods of time, have been converted to battery-powered candles with fire officials' promoting their use.

In Japan, education is the key component to fire safety, and the report concludes that the Japanese have perhaps the most extensive fire safety education program among developed nations.

And Schaenman is convinced that education, provided by the rank and file firefighters, is the most effective tool the U.S. has to reduce fire causalities in the nation. He has been working with the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) promoting the report.

"They are very interested in it which is very encouraging," he said. "They recognize its importance."

There are literally hundreds of ideas in the report -- some are familiar in the U.S. and others are brand new, but the volume and emphasis found in other developed nation is overwhelming by comparison. And the reduction in fire causalities is a reflection of the effort.

"Much of what we found can be adapted to the United States," Schaenman said. "It may take changing the fire service culture a little bit in some places to incorporate the new practices, as it has in other nations, but some of these practices are already in use here, though not on the scale as in cities abroad."

Schaenman, who has been studying and researching the fire service for more than three decades, is convinced that real progress in fire safety can be made in the United States by implementing the best practices found around the world.

"We can save many lives in the United States over the next five years if we adopt the best practices proven in other nations," he said. "We would recommend that major fire organizations consider promoting the implementation of best practices because they can save citizens' lives and help reduce fire service casualties."



The United States Fire Administration recommends everyone should have a comprehensive fire protection plan that includes smoke alarms, residential sprinklers, and practicing a home fire escape plan.

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